Top 10 Different Types of Blockchain Nodes You Need to Know

Top 10 different types of blockchain nodes that you need to know and how they work

The popularity of blockchain technology is rapidly growing. This industry is rapidly evolving, and its importance in our lives is growing.

Blockchain nodes are the basic building blocks of any decentralized ledger. That is why understanding blockchain nodes is critical whether you are integrating business on a blockchain or interacting with a company that uses this technology.

What is a Blockchain Node?

The precise definition of a blockchain node varies by network, depending on its type and purpose. In general, a node is an electronic device that is connected to the blockchain network and has an IP address.

Users can interact with and within the network through nodes, which serve as communication endpoints. Not all electronic devices, however, are blockchain nodes.

Contrary to popular belief, not all nodes perform the same function. Some nodes, for example, are dedicated to storing transaction records, whereas others cannot store any records. Below are some of the different types of blockchain nodes.

Types of Blockchain Nodes

Blockchain nodes are classified according to the functions they perform.

1. Pruned Full Nodes

By pruning the older blocks, pruned full nodes store data or blocks on the hard disc. They have allocated storage space.

Such nodes must first download the entire blockchain to their hard drive and then delete older data block by block, beginning at the beginning. They continue to delete older blocks until the storage only contains the most recent transaction records, up to the limit.

2. Full Node

When someone says “blockchain node,” they usually mean a full node. Full nodes store the records of blockchain transactions. As a result, they are also referred to as blockchain servers. Many consensus models, such as Proof of Work and Proof of Stake, rely on full nodes to reach an agreement. The network makes sure that all full nodes are prepared for every upgrade or improvement before putting it into action. These nodes are a part of how a blockchain is governed.

For example, if a pruned full node only has 200 MB of storage space, it will keep the data from the most recent transactions up to that limit. It will be synced with the network to continue adding newer records to its storage while deleting older ones.

3. Archival Full Node

Archival full nodes, as opposed to pruned full nodes, store and maintain the entire blockchain database. They are the most common type of blockchain node and have no defined storage limit. Authority nodes, miner nodes, staking nodes, and master nodes are the different types of archival full nodes.

4. Miner Nodes

Miner nodes are essential components of blockchains that employ a Proof of Work consensus model, such as Bitcoin. To approve transactions on the blockchain, these nodes must solve complex mathematical problems.

These problems necessitate highly complex computing devices as well as a large amount of electricity. As an incentive, once a miner node has finished solving the problem and adding the block of transaction records to the blockchain, it is rewarded with some newly-minted tokens.

5. Authority Nodes

A node in a public blockchain is someone who downloads and synchronizes blockchain data with the network.

When it comes to private and some partially-centralized blockchains, however, this access is limited to a few authority nodes. These nodes can control and limit the access of the other nodes.

6. Staking Nodes

The Proof of Stake consensus methodology is used by staking nodes to validate transactions in blockchains.

Users must lock a certain number of native tokens from that ecosystem on the blockchain to set up a staking node. The system then processes transactions and logs them on the ledger using a random staking node.

The selection is based on some predefined rules. Some blockchains, for example, consider the number of locked funds, while others consider the amount of time spent on the blockchain. To staking nodes, validate transactions, and use significantly less energy than miner nodes.

7. Light Node

The light node is the second most common type of blockchain node. These nodes’ purpose is to accommodate faster transactions and daily activities. That is why they are also referred to as Simplified Payment Verification (SPV) nodes.

They are designed to store only the necessary information, i.e., block headers, rather than downloading and storing the entire blockchain.

As a result, they save users a significant amount of time and storage space.

8. Masternodes

Masternodes are complete nodes that cannot add new blocks to the chain. These nodes do nothing more than validate and record transactions. They can also perform any additional functions or responsibilities that are assigned to them. In 2014, Dash was the first blockchain to use master nodes in its network mechanism.

9. Lightning Nodes

When a blockchain network is overburdened, users may experience delayed transactions. Lightning nodes are used to reduce transaction latency to a bare minimum. These nodes enable off-chain transactions by connecting the network to users outside the blockchain. They reduce network load, resulting in transactions that are instantaneous and cost very little.

10. Super Nodes

Supernodes are a less common type of blockchain node. They are intended to carry out specific tasks. A blockchain, for example, can use super nodes to maintain network regulations or to implement an upgrade.


The role of blockchain nodes is analogous to that of servers on the internet. A thorough understanding of blockchain nodes is essential whether you are a developer or a user.

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