Top 10 Backend Programming Languages to Learn in 2023

The top backend programming languages to learn in 2023 are growing in popularity

A programmer like you utilizes backend programming languages to develop internal systems that operate in the foreground of a web application. The pay for backend developers is excellent, and they are in high demand.

Anywhere along your coding path, it’s a good idea to have some background in backend programming. Being skilled in backend development gives you the best chance of success as a newbie. Knowing that learning never stops is certainly common knowledge whether you work in programming or development. Every year, new backend programming languages are created, while older ones are modified or dropped. Knowing the top backend programming languages is a wonderful idea. In this article, we have enlisted backend programming languages to learn in 2023.

  1. Python

Python is among the most widely used programming languages because of its adaptability and its simple syntax. Additionally, Python programs are very portable. Python may be used on a variety of operating systems, including Windows, MacOS, Linux, and Unix since it is a platform-independent language. Additionally, Python has a wide range of uses since it is a general-purpose language that fits well with several developing industries, including machine learning and data science.

  1. Java

Another well-liked option for back-end development is Java. It’s a quick, effective, object-oriented programming language, and while it’s not quite as beginner-friendly as Python, it makes up for this with a ton of essential functions. Java is a very efficient language due to its advanced memory management and support for multithreading, for example.

  1. JavaScript

JavaScript is among the simpler programming languages to learn, along with Python. It has a ton of applications in web development and is quite forgiving to newbies. JavaScript may be utilized for back-end development by utilizing frameworks like Node.js, Express, MeteorJS, and Angular, even though it is frequently considered a front-end language similar to HTML or CSS.

  1. PHP

Although PHP is an open-source scripting language that may potentially be used for a variety of computer tasks, it was specifically created for back-end web development. Therefore, PHP may be used to create desktop applications, but server-side scripting is where the language excels.

  1. Ruby

An open-source programming language is Ruby. Although web development is the use for which it is most known, automation, web scraping, and data processing are other excellent uses for it. Ruby was created with user-friendliness in mind, much like Python, making it simpler to learn than many other programming languages.

  1. Go

Go (sometimes referred to as Golang) is a quick, powerful language that works well for creating effective web applications. A group of developers at Google who were unsatisfied with previous programming languages came up with Go. The objective was to develop a language that was quick, effective, and approachable. Similar to Java, Go offers a powerful garbage collection feature set that makes for effective memory management. Go also has a reasonably straightforward syntax.

  1. SQL

Given that it is a domain-specific language, SQL stands out a little from the rest of the list. Relational databases employ tables to organize data and make it easier to retrieve related data points. SQL is used to access and manage data in these databases. SQL is often used by relational database management systems including Oracle Database, MySQL, and Microsoft SQL Server. Back-end programming heavily relies on managing and communicating with databases, hence learning SQL is essential for back-end engineers.

  1. C#

One of the programming languages that is consistently moving up the rankings is C#. C#, on the other hand, was created by Microsoft as a general-purpose programming language for the .Net framework. C# is utilized in a variety of fields, including gaming and windows application development in addition to backend web development. The C# language has several characteristics, including a quicker compilation rate, the ability to be updated, a component-oriented design, and many more.

  1. Perl

Another backend language on our list, Perl, may be used to create an application’s server-side code or backend. It is a conventional sort of language that is often used for the creation of an application’s client-side code.

  1. Kotlin

JetBrain created the expressive open-source programming language Kotlin, which runs on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). Gradle, JavaScript, and Android app development are all supported by Kotlin. These characteristics are highly scalable, less prone to defects, functional programming, easy reading, coding room for enhanced performance, extensions, compact & clear syntax, object-oriented, null-safe operators, and succinctness are all features of this programming language.

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