Top 10 Cybersecurity Terms and Meanings that Professionals should Know




by Disha Sinha

January 14, 2022

Professionals must be aware of these top ten cybersecurity terms with meanings

The term cybersecurity is dominating the world with the increase in dangerous and risky cyberattacks across the world. Cyberattacks are stealing personal and sensitive information of a business or clients through different processes. All companies across the world are at high risk of having real-time data compromised as well as manipulated. There are some important cybersecurity meanings as well as terms of cybersecurity that all human employees must be aware of in Industry 4.0. Let’s explore some of the top ten cybersecurity terms as well as the meanings of cybersecurity terms.

 

Top Ten Cybersecurity Terms

VPN

VPN or Virtual Private Network is one of the top cybersecurity terms that encrypts internet traffic on unsecured networks for protecting the online identity. It extends a private network across a public network to send and receive real-time data across different connections.

 

Exploit

An exploit is a term in cybersecurity meaning a code to reap the benefits of a software weakness or flaw in the security of any application or system. Cybercriminals use exploits to remotely access a network and deeper into the network. It is known as a piece of software or a sequence of commands that cause unintended behaviour. There is a zero-day exploit as an advanced cyberattack defined.

 

White Hat/Black Hat

The meanings of cybersecurity terms such as a white hat and black hat are the ways to find and fix or create multiple security problems in a system. There are two types of hackers— white hat hackers and black hat hackers. White hat hackers are a type of ethical hackers who want to find and solve certain cybersecurity issues whereas black hat hackers are ready to exploit weaknesses to gain or take revenge.

 

Malware

One of the terms of cybersecurity is malware that organizations need to be aware of in 2022. Malware is an umbrella brand of several cyberattacks such as Trojans, viruses, etc. that infect systems to gain confidential data. It is a short form for malicious software and is designed to be invasive as well as harmful for the entire computer system.

 

Ransomware

Ransomware is a type of malware that helps cyber criminals to employ encryption and demand a ransom from an organization. Employees cannot access any file or folder or database without paying the ransom as per the instructions provided.

 

Worm

There is a worm in a computer system related to cybersecurity. This cybersecurity term shows that the malware spreads its copies from one computer to another efficiently. It can be transmitted through multiple software vulnerabilities with the help of spam, instant messages, malicious websites, and many more. It can delete, modify, and inject additional malicious software into files or folders without any human interaction.

 

Botnet

The meaning of this cybersecurity term Botnet is a robot network or a network of computers getting infected by malware with a single attacking party. Cybercriminals use botnets to spread bots for trapping more computers to the large net. It is used to perform DDoS attacks with command and control software.

 

Rootkit

Roolkit is another popular term of cybersecurity designed to provide hackers full access to a target device along with controlling power. It is known as a clandestine computer programme that can actively hide its presence in a system. Professionals may not even notice that the software is in a particular area of a system.

 

Phishing

The cybersecurity meaning of Phishing is to send a fraudulent message to a potential victim as a trick to reveal sensitive data to cybercriminals. It appears to come from a reliable and safe source but it is not. The aim of Phishing is to steal confidential data or to install risky malware to the computer system.

 

DDoS

The full form of this cybersecurity term is distributed denial of service. Cybersecurity meaning is that cybercriminals employ to make an online service to disturb the normal traffic to a web property. It can compromise the computer systems and cause a denial of service to victims.

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