Looking at the key market events this week, central banks take center stage, with a raft of policy announcements due from around the world. The highlight will come from the Federal Reserve on Wednesday, though we’ll also get decisions from the Bank of Japan and Bank of England (both on Thursday), as well as a number of EM central banks. Meanwhile as DB’s Jim Reid writes, attention will remain on Brexit, as the UK government’s incendiary Internal Market Bill is debated in the House of Commons this week. And in Japan, a new Prime Minister will be chosen following Shinzo Abe’s resignation.
Starting with the FOMC meeting on Wednesday, this is the first monetary policy decision since the virtual Jackson Hole symposium, at which it was announced that the committee’s longer-run goals and monetary policy strategy would be updated. In terms of the major changes, the Fed now “seeks to achieve inflation that averages 2 percent over time”, which would allow inflation to overshoot the target following a period of undershooting. It also changed the wording around its maximum employment objective, now saying that policy will be informed by its “assessments of the shortfalls of employment from its maximum level.” According to Deutsche Bank economists the release opened the door to adjustments in forward guidance and asset purchases at this meeting, though in a close call, they expect the Fed’s forward guidance on interest rates to remain unchanged and for the Committee to reframe their asset purchases as being focused on providing accommodation, not aiding market functioning. This meeting will also see the release of a new Summary of Economic Projections, which will include the first 2023 dot plot.
Meanwhile, in the UK there are likely to be a number of headlines this week, most notably on Brexit. That follows an escalation in tensions between the UK and the EU last week after the UK government published their Internal Market Bill, which seeks to override parts of the already-signed Withdrawal Agreement with the EU. In response, the EU called on the UK to withdraw these measures from the draft bill by the end of the month, and threatened to use legal remedies if the Withdrawal Agreement were violated. In terms of what happens next, today the bill will receive its first debate in the House of Commons, but the question will be how many Conservative MPs rebel on the matter, with last night seeing the former Conservative Attorney General Geoffrey Cox publish an article in The Times, saying that the bill would do “unconscionable” damage to the country’s international reputation.
Staying with the UK, attention will also be on the Bank of England on Thursday, who’ll be making their latest monetary policy decision. The base case per DB is that there won’t be a further £60bn QE package until December, though there are risks of an earlier announcement at the November meeting. Keep an eye out in case there’s a voting split between the MPC’s 9 members as some might seek additional stimulus.
Turning to Japan, this week sees the election of a new Prime Minister following Shinzo Abe’s decision to stand down for health reasons. In terms of the process, the ruling Liberal Democratic Party will gather today to elect a new Party President, for which the Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga is regarded as the frontrunner. Following the LDP’s election, the Diet will then hold an extraordinary session on Wednesday to elect a new Prime Minister, with the new cabinet expected to be announced on the same day. Against this backdrop, the Bank of Japan will also be holding its latest monetary policy meeting next week, with our economist expecting that the bank will maintain its current policy stance.
Finally on the data front, there are a number of interesting releases. In the US, we’ll get an increasing amount of hard data for August, including industrial production, retail sales, housing starts and building permits. It’ll also be worth keeping an eye on the more topical releases however, especially with last week’s data on initial jobless claims and continuing claims having disappointed.
Separately, we’ll also get some major releases from China on Tuesday, including August’s industrial production and retail sales figures.
Below is a day-by-day calendar of events, courtesy of Deutsche Bank
- Data: China August new home prices, Japan July tertiary industry index, capacity utilisation, final July industrial production, Bank of France August industry sentiment indicator, Euro Area July industrial production
- Politics: Japan’s LDP hold leadership election
- Data: China August industrial production, retail sales, UK July unemployment rate employment change, average weekly earnings, France final August CPI, Italy final August CPI, Germany September ZEW Survey, Canada July manufacturing sales, August existing home sales, US September Empire State manufacturing survey, August import price index, industrial production, capacity utilisation
- Data: Japan August trade balance, UK August CPI, Euro Area July trade balance, US weekly MBA mortgage applications, August retail sales, July business inventories, foreign net transactions, September NAHB housing market index, Canada July international securities transactions, August CPI
- Central Banks: Monetary policy decisions from the Federal Reserve and the Central Bank of Brazil
- Politics: Extraordinary Diet session in Japan to elect Prime Minister
- Data: EU27 August new car registrations, Italy July trade balance, Euro Area final August CPI, US August building permits, housing starts, September Philadelphia Fed business outlook, weekly initial jobless claims
- Central Banks: Monetary policy decisions from the Bank of Japan, Bank of England, Bank Indonesia and the South African Reserve Bank, ECB’s Rehn speaks
- Data: Japan August nationwide CPI, UK August retail sales, Germany August PPI, Euro Area July current account balance, Italy July current account balance, industrial sales, industrial orders, US Q2 current account balance, August leading index, preliminary September University of Michigan consumer sentiment index, Canada July wholesale trade sales, retail sales
- Central Banks: Central Bank of Russia monetary policy decision, Fed’s Bullard speaks
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Finally, looking at just the US, the key economic data releases this week are the industrial production report on Tuesday, the retail sales report on Wednesday, the jobless claims report and Philly Fed manufacturing survey on Thursday, and the University of Michigan consumer sentiment survey on Friday.
Monday, September 14
- There are no major economic data releases scheduled.
Tuesday, September 15
- 08:30 AM Empire State manufacturing index, September (consensus +6.5, last +3.7)
- 08:30 AM Import price index, August (consensus +0.5%, last +0.7%); Export price index, August (consensus +0.4%, last +0.8%)
- 09:15 AM Industrial production, August (GS +0.9%, consensus +1.0%, last +3.0%); Manufacturing production, August (GS +1.3%, consensus +1.6%, last 3.4%); Capacity utilization, August (GS 71.4%, consensus 71.5%, last 70.6%): We estimate industrial production rose by 0.9% in August, reflecting weaker mining and utilities production. We estimate capacity utilization rose by 0.8pp to 71.4%.
Wednesday, September 16
- 08:30 AM Retail sales, August (GS +1.5%, consensus +1.0%, last +1.2%); Retail sales ex-auto, August (GS +1.4%, consensus +0.9%, last +1.9%); Retail sales ex-auto & gas, August (GS +1.4%, consensus +0.9%, last +1.5%); Core retail sales, August (GS +1.0%, consensus +0.3%, last +1.4%): We estimate that core retail sales (ex-autos, gasoline, and building materials) increased by 1.0% in August (mom sa), reflecting continued increases in consumer spending indicated by credit card and other high-frequency data, but weaker clothing sales due to fewer students returning to school. We expect relatively stronger gains in restaurants, gas station, and auto sales, and estimate a +1.5% increase in headline and a +1.4% increase in the ex-auto measure.
- 10:00 AM NAHB housing market index, September (consensus 78, last 78)
- 02:00 PM FOMC statement, September 15-16 meeting: As discussed in our FOMC preview, we expect the FOMC to modify its post-meeting statement to recognize the changes to the Statement on Longer-Run Goals and Monetary Policy Strategy announced by Fed Chair Powell on August 27. We expect the Summary of Economic Projections to show large upgrades to growth and unemployment forecasts given the positive data since the last meeting, but expect the dot plot to continue to show a baseline of no rate hikes through the end of the forecast horizon. We think changes to the forward guidance or asset purchase programs are most likely to come at the next meeting in November.
Thursday, September 17
- 08:30 AM Housing starts, August (GS -3.0%, consensus -1.4%, last +22.6%); Building permits, August (consensus +2.5%, last +18.8%): We estimate housing starts declined by 3.0% in August. Our forecast incorporates a boost from lower mortgage rates but a likely drag from mean reversion in the noisy multifamily category.
- 08:30 AM Philadelphia Fed manufacturing index, September (GS 12.0, consensus 15.0, last 17.2): We estimate that the Philadelphia Fed manufacturing index declined by 5.2pt to 12.0 in September, reflecting softer business confidence measures.
- 08:30 AM Initial jobless claims, week ended September 12 (GS 825k, consensus 850k, last 884k); Continuing jobless claims, week ended September 5 (consensus 13,000k, last 13,385k): We estimate initial jobless claims fell to 825k in the week ended September 12.
Friday, September 18
- 08:30 AM Current account balance, Q2 (consensus -$160.0bn, last -$104.2bn)
- 10:00 AM University of Michigan consumer sentiment, September preliminary (GS 75.5, consensus 75.0, last 74.1): We expect the University of Michigan consumer sentiment index to increase by 1.4pt to 75.5, reflecting better virus news and a further rebound in our GS Twitter Sentiment Index.
Source: Deutsche Bank, Bank of America, Goldman